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Depression is one of the most common psychological disorders. Depression is a state of prolonged low or sad mood interfering with one’s day to day activities of life and work.

Depression symptoms vary in degree and intensity from person to person. Feeling sad or stressed is a normal reaction to life stressors but if prolonged it may classify as depression. Some common depression symptoms are: sad mood for most of the day, loss of interest, change in appetite, sleep related problems, fatigue, restlessness, feelings of guilt, difficulty concentrating and in decision making. In severe cases the person may report of frequent thoughts of death or suicide.

At times depression may be a result of certain bodily conditions or metabolic changes like hypothyroidism. So a part of your assessment during your first visit to your doctor may involve prescription of certain tests like thyroid function, vitamin B levels etc.

Treatment of Depression

Life experiences leads people to form assumptions about themselves, others and the world, which continue to act out in our day to day behaviours. To predict and make sense of one’s experiences is a necessary aspect of living. However, due to some early or significant life experiences, some of these assumptions and ways of thinking become extreme, rigid and therefore resistant to change, causing disturbances in some areas of life. However this alone does not suffice to explain depression. Certain critical or stressful events activate these rigid assumption, which leads to a spiraling of further negative spontaneous thoughts about ones current life, relationships, future, self worth etc. This leads to further symptoms of depression like lowered activity, withdrawal, loss of interest, guilt, anxiety, loss of appetite, sleep disturbance etc.

In order to deal with these depression symptoms commonly recommended treatments are  developing daily activities in stage wise and manageable measures, lifestyle changes, recognizing and dealing with depressive and self defeating thought patterns. To avoid relapses and deal with residual symptoms, there is a need to resolve underlying distress due personal conflicts and/or rigid assumptions. These conflicts continue to interact with stressors in the environment, hence leaving one vulnerable to depressive or similar symptoms. 


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