Updated: May 16, 2020
In a Bipolar Disorder patient experiences fluctuations between depressed mood and what is known as ‘mania’. The patient may feel particularly distressed during depressive symptoms, and report no distress or disturbance during mania. This is because during mania patients experience extremely happy or elevated mood or irritable mood. Such patients at times come across as very humorous to people. The patient also experiences a sudden increase in self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, is easily distracted and agitated. The patient becomes increasingly talkative due to racing thoughts in his/her mind. One notices that he/she excessively engages in pleasurable activities like excessive spending, sexual activities, etc. Bipolar disorder may lead to interferences at the workplace, home and in social settings. Treatment for bipolar disorder primarily involves pharmacotherapy coupled with psychotherapy. Severe cases may warrant hospitalisation.